“Foot” (ashi) “pressure” (atsu), Ashiatsu recipients are simply calling this technique “heaven.” And although Ashiatsu sessions may appear unconventional, with practitioners often holding on to specially-attached ceiling bars to maintain their balance while walking on a client’s back, this type of bodywork is being heralded as a luxurious, deep-tissue massage.
Beginning in the East, Ashiatsu’s history spans several continents and more than 3,000 years. Many different styles of barefoot massage have originated from India, Japan, Thailand, China, and the Philippines; some are practiced on a floor mat, others require balancing props, such as ceiling bars, chairs, bamboo rods, poles, and even ropes and chains.
When Ashiatsu was first started, its followers were more interested in “chi,” or energy, than soothing aching muscles. “Asian bodywork is based on Chinese medicine and an energy body map,” explains Barbra Esher, director of education for the American Organization for Bodywork Therapies of Asia (AOBTA) and a certified Ashiatsu instructor. “We get a lot of education in Western anatomy and physiology, but our main concern is treating the energetic body. And because of that, a huge amount of our education is in those theories — like yin and yang.”
In traditional ashiatsu, “people follow the flow of the yin meridians coming up from the earth and then the yang meridians coming down from the heavens,” Esher says. “How my clients describe the therapy is that it reaches them in a different place — it kind of connects them with this greater whole. There’s a Zen aspect to it.”
With links to Zen and chi, it is no surprise that many of the early forms of ashiatsu were not even considered massage. Instead, this therapy was recognized as a healing art, passed down through the generations. From the Buddhist monks, who would only massage through clothing, to India’s Chavutti Thermal, which uses oils on the body and a single rope for balance, barefoot massage is ancient history in many cultures, yet relatively new to North America.
Brought into the mainstream U.S. spa and massage industry as ashiatsu Oriental bar therapy in 1999 by Ruthie Hardee, this Western application was derived from a myriad of classic sources. “The first time I saw ashiatsu, I had wandered off from my parents in the lobby of the Hotel Menora in Manila, in the Philippines. I was only 13 years old,” Hardee says. “I went around the corner, and I saw a woman holding onto bars, walking on a man’s back.” After that, Hardee saw many different styles of barefoot massage in Africa, India, and the Philippines, traveling with her parents who were medical missionaries.
But, Hardee says, “ashiatsu Oriental bar therapy is truly Western. It is blood, bone, meat and potatoes, orthopedic surgeons, chiropractors, doctors. That’s my world, that’s where I came from. So, our technique — even though the roots are Asian — it is Western.” Hardee’s barefoot massage also pays homage to the Swedes — using long, flowing strokes and lubricants. “Traditional hand Swedish is the same thing, but we do it with the feet,” Hardee explains. “We call it gravity-assisted effleurage. And, because the work is so deep and flowing, we’re able to send a signal to the brain within the first 10 minutes that says ‘I have to surrender, I can’t even fight this!'”
The Western spin on barefoot massage is known to improve posture, relieve pain and stress, treat spinal problems, and provide an incredibly deep massage, all while still being gentle. “With regular massage, the No. 1 complaint is that the therapist didn’t go deep enough,” Hardee says. “People are yearning for deep tissue work, and — in ashiatsu — because the therapist is standing straight up, using her center of gravity, and her thigh, knee, and leg are working up the lumbar and the erectors, that’s like six hands duct taped together.”